(Inclusive of all taxes)
Centella asiatica, commonly known as centella and gotu kola, is a small, herbaceous, annual plant of the family Mackinlayaceae or subfamily Mackinlayoideae of family Apiaceae, and is native to wetlands in Asia.
It is used as a medicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional African medicine, and traditional Chinese medicine. Also known as the Asiatic pennywort or Indian pennywort in English, among various other names in other languages.
It has long-stalked, green, rounded apices which have smooth texture with palmately netted veins. The leaves are borne on pericladial petioles, around 2 cm. The rootstock consists of rhizomes, growing vertically down. They are creamish in color and covered with root hairs.
Plant height: 5 – 5.5 inches
Common name(s): Bemgsag, brahma manduki, brahmanduki, brahmi, ondelaga or ekpanni
Flower colours: White or pinkish to red
Bloom time: August to December
Max reacahble height: 2 to 7 ft
Difficulty to grow: Easy to grow
It can be used as in a home garden arrangement.
Sunlight: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Soil: Well-drained soil
Temperature: it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10Ã‚Â°c
Fertilizer: Use any organic fertilizer
Special features: The flowers are white or pinkish to red in color, born in small, rounded bunches (umbels) near the surface of the soil. Each flower is partly enclosed in two green bracts. The hermaphrodite flowers are minute in size (less than 3 mm), with 5-6 corolla lobes per flower.
Each flower bears five stamens and two styles. The fruit are densely reticulate, distinguishing it from species of Hydrocotyle which have smooth, ribbed or warty fruit. The crop matures in three months, and the whole plant, including the roots, is harvested manually.
Culinary use: Centella is used as a leafy green in Sri Lankan cuisine, being the most predominant of all locally available leafy greens, where it is called gotu kola.
It is one of the constituents of the Indian summer drink thandaayyee.
It is an important component of unave marunthu concept which translates to food is medicine.
Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose. Its generally kep indoor in living room and in terrac area.
Medicinal use: According to the American Cancer Society, although centella is promoted for its health benefits, “available scientific evidence does not support claims of its effectiveness for treating cancer or any other disease in humans”.
However some research has shown a possible health benefit in the form of reduction of the progression of subclinical arterial lesions in low-risk asymptomatic subjects. Note: The following information is general guidelines. Be sure to ask your healthcare provider for guidelines.